Gender-Based Discrimination at a Glance – A View from the Press

January 25, 2018

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In recent years, the LGBT+ population has made tremendous civil liberties strides in Canada and elsewhere. In the West, particularly, they are more acknowledged than ever before and their realities are now at the forefront of policymaking. Entrenching LGBT+ perspectives in law naturally pushes for a paradigm shift. Singular experiences of the community not previously recognized need to be appreciated by legislators who then may enact new legislation or amend current laws.

These new perspectives should interest us, first, because they are often tied to experiences of discrimination and vilification, which should be prevented and chastised. Most importantly, however, they should be engaged because they fundamentally challenge our assumptions regarding human identity and sexuality and, by extension, the entire body of laws and institutions premised on these ideas.

Below is a compilation of various news sources from across Canada highlighting contemporary challenges and realities faced by transgender and gender non-conforming people on a day-to-day basis, as well as various legislative moves pursued at different levels of government in Canada. The last section of this piece focuses on Bill-16 (also known as An Act to Amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code), which has been particularly controversial in Canada.

On Transgender Issues Generally

 

  1. https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2017/01/25/is-your-gender-really-necessary-on-a-passport.html
  2. http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/federal-prisons-csc-transgender-inmates-1.3909504
  3. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/medicine-hat-judges-ordered-4-year-old-not-to-wear-girls-clothes-in-public-1.3816829
  4. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/transgender-statistics-canada-census-information-data-1.3752975
  5. https://www.winnipegfreepress.com/opinion/analysis/protecting-transgender-rights-long-overdue-425446893.html
  6. https://www.winnipegfreepress.com/opinion/analysis/time-for-gender-neutral-birth-certificates-436887123.html
  7. http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/prison-transgender-inmates-policy-1.3932466
  8. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/reassignment-surgery-not-necessary-change-id-nl-1.3533318
  9. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/changing-gender-markers-on-id-can-be-a-challenge-1.3538433
  10. http://nationalpost.com/news/canada/federal-government-quietly-eases-requirements-for-canadians-seeking-to-change-gender-on-citizen-certificate
  11. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/gender-neutral-bathrooms-university-of-saskatchewan-1.3346134
  12. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/saskatchewan/saskatchewan-transgender-birth-certificates-1.4197130
  13. https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2015/06/25/judge-rules-for-openness-in-custody-case-involving-conflict-over-sons-gender-identity.html
  14. https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2015/06/25/judge-rules-for-openness-in-custody-case-involving-conflict-over-sons-gender-identity.html
  15. https://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2017/05/04/parents-of-transgender-youth-join-push-to-outlaw-discrimination.html
  16. https://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2017/05/30/trans-rights-are-womens-rights.html
  17. http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/passport-transgender-c16-1.4099066
  18. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/eggen-catholic-sex-education-curriculum-1.4368378
  19. http://www.journalpioneer.com/opinion/letter-to-the-editor/keep-gender-ideology-out-of-pei-schools-67808/
  20. https://www.thestar.com/news/city_hall/2017/06/19/ads-challenge-thoughts-about-transgender-torontonians.html
  21. https://www.cambridgetimes.ca/sports-story/7509501-cambridge-minor-hockey-goes-extra-mile-with-inclusiveness-training/
  22. https://www.winnipegfreepress.com/local/gender-neutral-passport-option-to-end-scary-situations-441799683.html
  23. http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/transgender-rights-bill-senate-1.4163823
  24. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/sturgeon-high-school-washrooms-gender-neutral-alberta-1.4406077
  25. https://www.straight.com/life/652381/vancouver-school-boards-lgbtq-policy-sparks-debate
  26. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/british-columbia/sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-battle-grips-bcschools/article36681034/
  27. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/careers/leadership-lab/preventing-and-ending-discrimination-and-harassment-of-transgender-employees/article36456796/
  28. http://www.metronews.ca/news/vancouver/2017/10/26/b-c-non-binary-rights-case-launched.html
  29. http://www.macleans.ca/news/canada/being-transgender-in-the-canadian-military/

 

On Violence Against Trans People

 

  1. http://nationalpost.com/pmn/news-pmn/advocacy-groups-killings-of-transgender-people-increase
  2. http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/federal-prisons-csc-transgender-inmates-1.3909504
  3. http://www.cbc.ca/news/indigenous/indigenous-transgender-woman-day-of-remembrance-1.4411235
  4. http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/transgender-prison-policy-trudeau-1.4075500
  5. http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2017/11/19/transgender-canadians-violence-transgender-day-of-remembrance_a_23282367/
  6. https://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2017/05/30/trans-rights-are-womens-rights.html

 

Legislation

 

  1. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/gender-bill-passage-historic-event-for-alberta-transgender-woman-says-1.3354856
  2. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/hamilton/trans-protocol-council-1.4014315
  3. http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/passport-transgender-c16-1.4099066
  4. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/new-brunswick/gender-confirming-surgeries-1.3614766
  5. https://www.telegraphjournal.com/times-transcript/story/49641046/law-would-allow-new?source=story-related
  6. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/guidelines-released-for-mandatory-lgbtq-policies-in-alberta-schools-1.3402154
  7. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/quebec-transgender-rights-minor-youths-1.3609154
  8. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/b-c-human-rights-code-trans-rights-1.3687613
  9. http://torontosun.com/2016/11/13/human-rights-commissioner-weighs-in-on-ze-and-hir/wcm/0254ab55-ade7-40f4-b1f3-553b75b10842
  10. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/b-c-ndp-to-reinstate-human-rights-commission-after-15-years-1.4236078
  11. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/yukon-moves-to-protect-transgender-rights-ban-gender-based-discrimination/article34307376/

 

Testimony

 

  1. http://www.theguardian.pe.ca/news/local/pei-person-wants-to-be-referred-to-as-neither-he-nor-she-but-they-103004/
  2. http://www.cbc.ca/news/indigenous/indigenous-transgender-woman-day-of-remembrance-1.4411235
  3. http://www.trurodaily.com/living/transgender-a-lifelong-journey-151820/
  4. https://www.telegraphjournal.com/times-transcript/story/49641046/law-would-allow-new?source=story-related
  5. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/its-2017-and-we-still-need-to-say-it-trans-rights-are-human-rights/article34981938/
  6. http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/sheesha-yadil/being-transgender-toronto_b_17221690.html

 

Statistics

 

  1. https://egale.ca/backgrounder-lgbtq-youth-suicide/

 

Bill C-16 (An Act to Amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code)

  1. http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/transgender-bill-trudeau-government-1.3585522
  2. https://www.thestar.com/news/insight/2017/01/15/he-says-freedom-they-say-hate-the-pronoun-fight-is-back.html
  3. http://www.macleans.ca/opinion/for-transgender-canadians-bill-c-16-is-symbolic-yet-meaningful/
  4. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/university-of-toronto-professor-defends-right-to-use-gender-specific-pronouns/article32946675/
  5. http://nationalpost.com/opinion/bruce-pardy-meet-the-new-human-rights-where-you-are-forced-by-law-to-use-reasonable-pronouns-like-ze-and-zer
  6. https://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2017/11/16/laurier-university-starts-independent-probe-after-teaching-assistant-plays-clip-of-gender-debate.html
  7. http://nationalpost.com/news/politics/what-the-wilfried-laurier-professors-got-wrong-about-bill-c-16-and-gender-identity-discrimination