Executive Director and General Counsel
Michael Bryant, BA, MA (UBC), JD (Osgoode Hall), LLM (Harvard) is a former Attorney General of Ontario who served a decade in the Ontario Legislative Assembly and six years as a Cabinet Minister. Mr. Bryant is a barrister and Ex Officio Bencher at the Law Society of Ontario. Previously, he served as Special Advisor to Norton Rose Fulbright LLP, and as a commercial litigator at McCarthy Tetrault LLP. In the '90s, he clerked for the former Chief Justice of Canada, and served as Lecturer in Law at King’s College, London, and Adjunct Professor at U of T and Osgoode Hall.
Noa Mendelsohn Aviv
Director, Equality Program
Noa Mendelsohn Aviv joined CCLA in 2002 as a legal researcher. Since 2005 she has directed CCLA’s Expression and Equality programs. Noa has been published, made submissions, appearances and presentations, and advocated on such issues as refugee protection, LGBTQ rights, racial profiling, freedom of expression and religion, and the intersectionality of rights, in particular religious freedom and equality. Noa has coordinated many CCLA interventions in a variety of Canadian courts, including the Supreme Court of Canada, and human rights tribunals; appeared before Parliamentary and provincial legislative committees, governmental and public bodies; and provided written submissions. She has also appeared on panels, at conferences, in press interviews, and provided guest workshops and lessons through CCLET’s public education project. In addition, Noa manages CCLA’s law student volunteer programs.
Noa has an LL.B. and LL.M. from the Hebrew University in Israel, and a B.A. (with distinction) from York University. She completed her legal articles at the Association for Civil Rights in Israel, and was called to the Israeli Bar in 1998. She worked for a few years as an associate at a private law firm in Jerusalem, practicing litigation, labour, commercial, and corporate law. Noa has also served as Field Coordinator for a large research project on eating disorders in women, and as Acting Administrative Director of Hebrew University Law Faculty’s Center for Human Rights.
Cara Faith Zwibel
Director, Fundamental Freedoms Program
Cara Faith Zwibel joined CCLA in 2009 as Director of the Fundamental Freedoms Program. She graduated from McGill University in 2001 with an Honours degree in Political Science and received her LL.B. from Osgoode Hall Law School in 2004. She articled as a law clerk to the Honourable Justice Ian Binnie at the Supreme Court of Canada before being called to the Ontario bar in 2005. Cara also received her Master of Laws degree from New York University, as an Arthur T. Vanderbilt Scholar. Prior to joining CCLA, Cara was an Associate at a national law firm, practicing public law, health law and commercial litigation. She has experience representing clients at all levels of court and before administrative tribunals, and has authored and co-authored published articles on constitutional law. Her work with CCLA involves providing legal opinions and research, coordinating interventions and representing CCLA before the courts, preparing submissions to legislative bodies and assisting with the CCLET’s public education work.
Director, Privacy, Technology & Surveillance Project
Brenda McPhail became Director of the Privacy, Technology, and Surveillance Project in 2015, after first working from 2013 as a project coordinator for the grant-funded Pathways to Privacy and TalkRights projects. Brenda focuses on advocacy and public education about privacy rights and the ways in which these rights are at risk in contemporary society. This includes privacy in relation to national security, intelligence, and public safety surveillance, privacy and information sharing practices and policies in the public and private sector, and privacy in the social context of existing and emerging technologies. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Toronto Faculty of Information, and holds Master’s degrees in Information Studies and English. In her peer-reviewed work she has explored do-it-yourself approaches to privacy protective identification, privacy risks of RFID-enhanced driver’s licenses, identity performance in government service interactions, Canadian ePassport development, attitudes to video surveillance, and privacy issues inherent in connected cars. PGP Public Key
Director, Criminal Justice Program
Abby Deshman is a lawyer and the Director of the Criminal Justice Program at the Canadian Civil Liberties Association. She also teaches at the Centre for Criminology and Sociolegal Studies at the University of Toronto, and is a Mentor with the Law Practice Program at Ryerson University. Previously, she served as a Corrections Advisor on the Ontario government's Independent Review of Corrections and as a Senior Policy Advisor to the Minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services. Abby has also worked with the United Nations High Council for Refugees in Kenya and Human Rights Watch’s Terrorism/Counterterrorism division in New York. At CCLA, Abby has led advocacy and analysis in a wide range of issue areas including freedom of expression, peaceful assembly, freedom of religion, police powers and oversight, and the criminal justice system. The author of numerous reports, articles and opinion pieces, her most recent work focuses on the bail system and police record checks. Abby graduated from the University of Toronto Faculty of Law with an Hons J.D. in 2008, and obtained an LL.M. from New York University in 2010.
Director of Education
April Julian joined the Canadian Civil Liberties Association and Education Trust in 2009. She became Deputy Director of Education in 2014, and Director in 2016. She is responsible for coordinating and delivering CCLET’s various education initiatives in Ontario and beyond. In conjunction with her colleagues at CCLA/CCLET, April delivers civil liberties workshops and programming to various audiences of approximately 10,000 learners per year – including elementary and high school students, pre-service and in-service teachers, newcomers to Canada, and youth in custody. As an Ontario Certified Teacher, April also develops educational resources that encourage learners of all ages to gain a deeper understanding of their rights and freedoms and think critically about balancing competing interests in a democracy. These resources are publicly accessible on the CCLA website.
Rob De Luca
Director, Democracy and the Rule of Law Program
Rob began working at the CCLA as a fellow (2014 – 2015) and rejoined the organization as a lawyer in 2016. He currently leads the organization's Democracy and the Rule of Law program. At CCLA, Rob coordinates interventions in Canadian courts and tribunals, appears before and provides submissions to public bodies, and assists with CCLET’s public education work. Rob’s previous experience includes working as a fellow at The Constitution Project in Washington, D.C. and serving as an instructor at the University of Texas. Rob is called to the bar of Ontario and holds a J.D. from Stanford Law School, a Ph.D. in Government from the University of Texas at Austin, and a B.A. from the University of Alberta.
Director of Administration
Rayna Fletcher joined Canadian Civil Liberties Association in June 2014 as Director of Administration. Throughout her career Rayna has worked extensively in the public and private sectors, and is excited to be back in the non-profit world after an extended period working in a corporation. Rayna works closely with the General Counsel and Executive Director and her work with CCLA involves the day to day management of the organization, its offices, its administrative staff, volunteers, finances and human resources. Rayna is also involved in ongoing development and donor relations for the organisation.
Emma joined Canadian Civil Liberties Association and Education Trust in 2016 as Education Coordinator. Since her call to the bar in 2014, Emma has created and delivered diverse public legal education programs for youth in Ontario. Emma received her Juris Doctor from University of Calgary in 2012, and a undergraduate degree in history and political science from University of Toronto. As Education Coordinator, Emma’s responsibilities include coordinating civil liberties workshops and delivering CCLET’s various education initiatives across Ontario. Prior to joining CCLET, Emma developed an innovative public legal education program for Indigenous youth in Alberta, and also wrote and presented extensively on the subjects of LGBTQ legal issues, youth justice issues, Indigenous law, poverty law and human rights. In conjunction with her colleagues at CCLA/CCLET, Emma encourages people of all ages to gain a deeper understanding of their rights and freedoms.
A. Alan Borovoy, March 17, 1932 – May 11, 2015
General Counsel, Emeritus
Alan Borovoy was General Counsel of the Canadian Civil Liberties Association from May, 1968 until June, 2009. Prior to coming to CCLA, Alan worked with other human rights and civil liberties organizations such as the National Committee for Human Rights of the Canadian Labour Congress, the Ontario Labour Committee for Human Rights, and the Toronto & District Labour Committee for Human Rights.
As General Counsel of CCLA, Alan made presentations to public inquiries and gave testimony before parliamentary committees on issues such as mandatory drug-testing in the workplace, wiretapping, and police race-relations. His community organizing activities included delegations to the federal and provincial governments on issues of capital punishment, religious education in the public schools, the War Measures Act, campus speech codes, and national security and intelligence.In addition to his work as General Counsel, Alan was a fortnightly columnist for the Toronto Star from 1992-1996. Other media work included appearances on many public affairs programs, and on open-line television and radio programs. He is published widely across Canada, and is the author of several books, including The New Anti-Liberals, Uncivil Obedience: The Tactics and Tales of a Democratic Agitator and When Freedoms Collide: The Case for Our Civil Liberties, which was nominated for the Governor General’s Award in 1988. His memoir, At the Barricades, was published in 2013..
Alan gave lectures and public addresses to students, human rights organizations, and policing agencies in Canada and abroad. He was a visiting professor at the faculties of law at Dalhousie University and the University of Windsor, and a part-time lecturer at the University of Toronto Faculty of Social Work and York University’s political science department. Alan received his B.A. from the University of Toronto in 1953, and his LL.B. from the University of Toronto in 1956. He was admitted to the Ontario Bar in 1958. He received four Honorary Doctor of Laws Degrees, the Law Society Medal from the Law Society of Upper Canada in 1989, an Award of Merit from the City of Toronto in 1982, and was inscribed in the Honour Roll of the aboriginal people of Treaty Number 3 in 1991. He was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1982. A. Alan Borovoy was actively involved in CCLA until his passing in May, 2015.